In definition, a balance of trade (BOT) is the difference, in terms of value, between a country’s exports and imports over a particular period of time. For instance, if a country’s value of imported products is more than its exported goods, this leads to what experts call, a “trade deficit.” On the other hand, if there is a bigger value for exports than its imports, a positive balance or a trade surplus is said to occur.
Such movements and fluctuations in values of the factors mentioned above directly affect a country’s overall performance in the world market – and these effects are quite visible on how BOT determines the value a nation’s currency. As such, they are an important consideration for the investment decisions of wealth management experts, including offshore investment companies such as LOM Financial.
Basically, a trade balance has a major effect on currency exchange rates because of how the former influences supply and demand, especially on foreign exchange. What happens is, when a country’s transaction has more numbers of their exports and less on their imports, a resulting higher demand for goods directly causes a higher demand in its currencies.
If, on the other hand, the opposite happens, the basics of economics tell us that producing more imports rather than an increase of exports, directly causes less demand for that country’s currency, eventually depreciating that currency’s value against other currencies.
These relationships and how the value of one affects the other are based on the idea that the market has the power to determine the value of a country’s currency as well as how it interacts with other countries’ currencies. However, it doesn’t mean that imbalances on trade can readily cause currency depreciation. If a particular currency is pegged (or fixed) to another currency, their exchange rate will remain unaffected.